Si el actual contexto pre-electoral está marcado por la generalizada alienación neoliberal que actúa como meta discurso y como rizoma y, canibalizando la guerra interna, convierte el actual proceso en una farsa, la historia reciente de la violencia, las reparaciones, y la invisivilización y burocratización de las victimas, es el soporte oscuro. En torno a este tema y a la engañosa antítesis entre el Informe de la Comisión de la Verdad y los proyectos neo-liberales -iniciados por el inefable Belaunde-es que fluye el siguiente articulo de María Eugenia Ulfe que hemos tomado de Academeia Edu. Mucho que reflexionar acerca de las reparaciones reales y simbólicas a las poblaciones afectadas. Maria Eugenia nos recuerda que lo que hemos aprendido de la guerra es la brutalidad del olvido y la indiferencia.
Neoliberal Reforms, Reparations, and Transitional Justice Measures in Torn-Apart Peru, 1980
Maria Eugenia Ulfe
Perceived as a ‘lost battle,’ the post
-war period in Peru is characterized by the implementation of neoliberal reforms that would create a hegemonic discourse on poverty and poverty policies. Post-war nation building efforts in the country turned into neoliberalism. Thus, pacification policies focused on development and infrastructure rebuilding rather than on the reconstruction of democracy and state institutions. In that sense, when the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (CVR 2001
2003) prepared its Final Report and Recommendations, it was difficult to engage civil society and the state in understanding the domain of civic reparations and the issue of human dignity, both important aspects considered in a Programme of Reparations (economic compensations). Further, the promotion of reconciliation by CVR did not generate a major social agreement in Peru. Also, recent years marked by economic growth reactivate the issue that being a post-war country with some advancement in transitional justice cases (i.e. the trial against ex-President Alberto Fujimori and Shining Path leader Abimael Guzman, both in prison) is indeed something secondary. Thirty years after the beginning of the political violence period in Peru, there are public discussions and debates about violence as, for instance, the one on the creation of a Museum of Memory in Lima, but these debates are overshadowed by economic prosperity (the war against crime and coca production and the war against poverty). This is reflected on the fact that most perpetrators go on trial and are later free of charges. And, in recent years economic prosperity discourse has become the rug over current social conflicts in the country. Following a historical and anthropological approach, this paper will address the issue of timing and sequencing in relation to the process of reconstruction of state institutions in post-war Peru. We focus on the design and implementation of the Programme of Reparations in Peru as part of transitional justice measures for truth, memory, and reconciliation.